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Ikat from Toraja, Sulawesi, Indonesia

100 Sulawesi, Toraja

Pori lonjong (funerary banner)detailmicroscope  magnifier

Origin: Sulawesi, Toraja
Locale: Rongkong, probably.
Period: Late colonial
Yarn: Cotton, hand spun, coarse
Technique: Warp ikat
Panels: 2
Size: 136 x 388 cm (53.5 x 152.7)
Weight: 2050 g (72.3 oz), 388 g/m2 (1.27 oz/ft2)
Design: Eight large blocks of ikated designs, with tumpal-like zig-zag borders at both extremes and band with sawtooth patterns in the midle. Some of the design blocks - the innermost four - appear to have been influenced by patola motifs. The side panels are unusually wide for pori lonjong and may indicate a somewhat greater age than is here assumed.
Comment: Cloth intended as a banner to decorate a deceased's house, a temple or burial site, or to be strung up to a high point and serve as a pathway for the dead to puya, heaven. This example is rich in design variation and has a less stiff character than most, a unifying rendering that fuses the different patterns rather than emphasizing their distinctness. Patent patola influence - specifically of the reticulated type represented by Metropolitan Museum of Art's Nr. 30.88.4. Tested for presence of wool filler - negative.
Background: For additional information see chapter on Sulawesi and/or Toraja.
Compare: 068
Literature: Similar to early 20th C. pori lonjong in National Gallery of Australia, Nr. NGA 85.616, and to NGA 1981.1130. Similar to 19th example in Yale Art Gallery, Nr. ILE2006.4.28. Similar to 1850-1875 example in Rautenstrauch-Joest Museum, depicted in Khan-Majlis, Indonesische Textilien, Wege zu Goettern und Ahnen, Fig. 745. Similar to circa 1900 example in Krefeld, depicted in Völger and Von Welck, Indonesian Textiles, Fig. 205. Similar to early example in Holy Cross College Collection, Nr. 2010.09.05. Similar to late 19th to early 20th C. example in Khan Majlis, Woven Messages, Fig. 399. Similar to early 20th C. example in Tropenmuseum, Nr. TM-2246-15. Similar to example in Art Gallery NSW Acc. Nr. 183.2005.
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